In general terms, we can speak of fixed and removable orthodontics, although in both cases braces are used that can be made with different materials and technologies.
This is the most commonly used at present and it uses wires and brackets, the latter being the fixed part that attaches to the teeth and to which the wires are fixed.
There are two types of fixed orthodontics:
– External brackets: these are placed on the outside of the dental arch and are therefore clearly visible. They are the most frequently used, especially in the case of children and adolescents. We have brackets that are called aesthetic brackets, as they are less visible as they are made of plastic, ceramic or sapphire materials.
– Lingual orthodontics: These are placed on the inside of the dental arch, leaving the external surface of the teeth free. This is why it is the most suitable option for those people who do not want to use external brackets for aesthetic reasons.
There are two types:
– Children’s orthodontics: These are used especially for children aged 7-8 years, who must wear them at least at night and for between 4 and six hours a day, although the longer they are worn the faster the correction of the problems that have led to the practice of orthodontics. They have the advantage that they can be removed, for example, to eat and brush your teeth, which facilitates oral hygiene and the cleaning of the appliance.
– Invisible orthodontics: This is the latest development in orthodontics. It is a type of splint made of silicone or materials similar to plastic, which means that they are barely noticeable to others and can be removed and put on whenever necessary. For their manufacture, the patient’s teeth are first carefully scanned. These images are then processed by a complex 3D computer system, which, in addition to designing the orthodontics (one splint for the upper arch and another for the lower arch), allows a simulation of the changes that will occur weekly in the correction of the teeth. Depending on this, different appliances are made that the patient will change as the objectives established in the simulation are achieved.
For more information on invisible orthodontics, we have a blog published on the subject: 10 FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ON INVISIBLE ORTHODONTICS
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